Oceanography is the study of the Earth’s oceans and their physical, chemical, and biological properties. It encompasses a range of fields, including physical oceanography, chemical oceanography, biological oceanography, and marine geology.
Physical oceanography is the study of the physical properties of the oceans, including their currents, waves, and tides. Chemical oceanography is the study of the chemical composition of seawater and the processes that affect it, such as ocean acidification. Biological oceanography is the study of marine ecosystems and the organisms that live in them. Marine geology is the study of the geological features and processes that occur in the ocean floor.
Oceanography has important practical applications, including in the management of marine resources, the development of strategies to mitigate the impacts of climate change on the oceans, and the exploration of the oceans for scientific and economic purposes.