Biology is the study of living organisms and their interactions with each other and with their environment. It encompasses a range of sub-disciplines, including genetics, ecology, evolution, and microbiology.
Genetics is the study of the inheritance of traits from one generation to the next. Ecology is the study of the relationships between organisms and their environment. Evolution is the study of how species change over time. Microbiology is the study of microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi.
Biology has important practical applications, including in the development of medicines and treatments for diseases, the conservation of biodiversity, the management of natural resources, and the development of sustainable agricultural practices.