Sociology is the study of human society and social behavior. It seeks to understand how people interact with each other and with the social structures and institutions that make up society, such as families, organizations, governments, and cultures.
Sociologists use a range of research methods, including surveys, interviews, and observation, to study topics such as social inequality, socialization, social norms and values, social change, and social movements. They also apply this knowledge in various areas, including education, public policy, criminal justice, and business.
Sociology has many practical applications, including in the development of social policies and programs, the improvement of organizational performance, and the reduction of social inequality and conflict. It is also important in understanding and addressing social issues, such as poverty, crime, and social inequality.