Huawei and 5G network: the Chinese Trojan horse?
The conflict between Chinese companies – led by Huawei – and many Western countries is linked to two controversial files. First, it concerns the issue of technological independence and the fear of losing the reins of telecommunications companies and governments in the case of choosing technology solutions for Huawei.
The second disagreement relates to the growing concerns that the Chinese telecom giant could spy for Chinese intelligence.
The USA directly accused Huawei of building backdoors in the fifth generation networks, which facilitates the Chinese intelligence access to a lot of sensitive data and information.
For its part, Huawei considered the Trump administration’s accusations an exaggerated political imagination and a chapter in the trade war between Beijing and Washington.
And similar to the American position, Britain decided to exclude the Chinese company from the fifth generation projects while prohibiting the purchase of any equipment related to 5G from Huawei starting in the year 2020, with emphasis on withdrawing all the company’s equipment from all communications networks in the country no later than the year 2027.
As for the French position, it is cautious in dealing with Huawei. Despite not preventing the resort to the Chinese company’s technology, the government stressed the importance of protecting security areas sensitive to national security.
France seems obliged to take this position, as the French companies Bouygues and SFR depend on more than 50% on mobile networks that rely on Huawei solutions.
As for the rest of the European Union, major European telecom companies such as Sweden’s Ericsson and Nokia of Finland are encouraged to launch their 5G networks.
There is no doubt that the majority of the major countries have become fully convinced that Huawei is a “Trojan horse” for eavesdropping and spying for the benefit of Chinese intelligence. These accusations escalated after America announced the arrest of Chinese citizens on charges of participating in espionage campaigns over the Internet to steal weapons designs, information about drugs and the code of many electronic software.
In the rest of the countries, the accusations made by various governments do not depend on strong evidence to ensure the existence of espionage and eavesdropping, especially since the company has succeeded in spreading its services and technology in more than 130 countries across the world, but given the Chinese government’s composition and repressive approach, it is not excluded that This technology is used for the purposes of espionage and data collection.